Global: Wanita Libya Turut Tumbang Gaddafi

“Orang lelaki mati ketika mereka terpaksa berjuang tanpa senjata dan sanggup bergadai nyawa demi melindungi kami sedangkan kami duduk di rumah tidak buat apa-apa. Kami seolah-olah jadi barang antik,” kata wanita bertudung itu lagi sambil cuba membetulkan cara dia memegang senjata api.

“Konco-konco Gaddafi boleh datang bila-bila masa, saya bersedia mempertahankan diri sendiri dan rumah kami jika perlu,” katanya lagi.

Pelatih sukarelawan di pusat latihan ketenteraan itu berkata, mereka berasa sangat tidak berdaya ketika pergerakan menumbangkan pemerintahan Gaddafi terutama apabila mendengar berita ada wanita dirogol oleh askar. Kini mereka tidak mahu lagi duduk diam, sudah sampai masa untuk menunjukkan bahawa wanita juga boleh melindungi keluarga.

Sekurang-kurangnya 200 wanita sudah berjaya menamatkan program latihan itu sejak ia dimulakan di Kawasan Ketenteraan Teknikal Benghazi hujung Mac lalu. Mereka diberikan pilihan menyertai Pasukan Keselamatan Kebangsaan yang beroperasi seperti Pengawal Keselamatan Kebangsaan Amerika Syarikat dan membenarkan wanita berkenaan bergerak di kawasan sendiri. Belum ada cadangan untuk menghantar tentera wanita ini ke barisan hadapan pertahanan negara.

Satu unit yang dianggotai 20 tentera wanita tidak bersenjata bertugas ketika Perdana Menteri British, David Cameron dan Presiden Perancis, Nicolas Sarkozy melawat Benghazi bulan lalu dan memberikan ucapan di depan ramai penduduk Libya.

Pasukan keselamatan wanita itu berdiri memerhatikan dan mencari wanita yang mencurigakan kerana bimbang jika ada penyerang yang menyamar dengan memakai pakaian perempuan.

Menurut komander tentera di Benghazi, Abdul Basit Haron, pejuang revolusi termasuk wanita akan menerima sekali bayaran berjumlah RM15,000. Pembabitan wanita dalam ketenteraan sangat penting kerana ia boleh membangkitkan dan menguatkan semangat tentera.

Ini kerana wanita berasa mereka diketepikan dan sanggup datang ke sini untuk membuktikan bahawa mereka setanding dengan lelaki. Mereka mahu menunjukkan kepada dunia keberanian dan sikap terbuka penduduk Libya.

Sebenarnya peranan wanita masih menjadi isu sensitif di negara Islam konservatif itu. Malah, sepanjang pemerintahan Gaddafi, polisi yang dibentuk bertujuan memecahkan pantang larang turun temurun mengenai pekerjaan wanita dan status mereka. Gaddafi sendiri melantik pengawal peribadi wanita tetapi peluang yang diberikan untuk wanita mengisi jawatan di dalam kerajaan masih sangat terhad.

Tentera wanita adalah satu perkara yang sangat asing di kebanyakan negara Arab tetapi kini ia menjadi pemandangan biasa di Libya. Di mana-mana ada saja tentera wanita beruniform, bertudung, bercermin mata hitam dan bermekap tebal mengawal bandar. Satu kumpulan wanita dilaporkan mempunyai pusat soal siasat sendiri bagi menahan aktivis antiGaddafi.

Kolonel Sabriya Mohammed al-Shraidi, anak kelahiran Benghazi yang menamatkan pelajaran di sekolah ketenteraan pada 1986 dan kini berada

di unit penyiasatan tentera berkata, lapan pegawai ditugaskan melatih 36 sukarelawan – iaitu kumpulan keempat yang akan tamat latihan tidak lama lagi.

“Kebanyakan wanita ini adalah suri rumah dan ada yang bekerja. Mereka tiada pengalaman dalam ketenteraan dan tidak tahu bagaimana menggunakan senjata. Jadi mereka datang ke sini untuk menjalani latihan, jika perlu mempertahankan diri sendiri dan anak-anak. Kita tidak tahu bila kemahiran ini diperlukan, segala-galanya boleh terjadi,” katanya.

Pelatih tentera ini diberikan pelbagai latihan menggunakan semua jenis senjata ringan dan ilmu mempertahankan diri. Mereka yang diberikan latihan ini akan membantu menjaga keselamatan ketika demonstrasi, di bank dan institusi lain.

“Ramai orang anggap wanita tidak elok masuk tentera. Anggapan ini salah. Ramai wanita terbabit dalam bantuan kemanusiaan dan penyeludupan senjata api untuk pemberontak dengan menyembunyikan senjata dalam jubah mereka.

“Sebenarnya wanita sudah banyak memberi sumbangan dalam revolusi ini melalui pelbagai cara. Tetapi mereka masih dipinggirkan dan diketepikan. Kini sudah ada peluang untuk kami menunjukkan sumbangan secara terang-terangan, tiada apa yang hendak dimalukan apabila menjadi tentera. Masyarakat sekarang bukan lagi seperti zaman Gaddafi dulu yang memandang rendah wanita yang masuk tentera,” katanya.

Wafa al-Rayth, 29, suri rumah, berkata dia menyertai program ketenteraan itu untuk menunjukkan pada dunia bahawa wanita Libya berupaya berganding bahu dengan lelaki dalam menjaga keamanan negara.

“Sudah sampai masa kami membantu meluaskan keamanan dan mengawal negara, terutama dalam tradisi kami yang memerlukan wanita mengawal tempat perjumpaan wanita dan memeriksa beg mereka bagi memastikan tiada lelaki menyamar untuk melakukan jenayah,” katanya.

Bagi jurutera berusia 20 tahun, Lameis Aghnaish, dulu ketika era Gaddafi dia cuba berhijrah ke negara lain tetapi kini dia bangga tinggal di Libya.

“Dulu hidup kami sangat susah, sebab itulah saya mahu berhijrah. Masa itu saya tidak rasa sayang pun pada negara, tetapi keadaan kini sudah berubah. Saya sanggup mati demi negara ini. Saya akan kembali bekerja selepas keadaan kembali aman. Apa yang penting kini ialah memastikan negara aman dan selamat,” katanya. – AP

Artikel ini disiarkan pada : 2011/10/02

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