Kolestrol Dalam Juadah Makanan Bahaya

Oleh BINTU RASYADA A. RAHMAN
bintu.rahman@utusan.com.my

SYAWAL bererti kemenangan. Setelah mengharungi sebulan yang penuh godaan, inilah waktunya meraikan kejayaan. Syawal juga bererti kemaafan, kini tiba masanya untuk meleraikan segala-galanya.

Dan bagi sesetengah daripada kita Syawal juga bererti ‘masa untuk makan.’ Baru masuk hari ketiga Aidilfitri, rasanya semua hidangan sudah dicuba. Sebut saja ketupat, lemang, rendang, lontong, soto, nasi himpit, kuih muih dan kek. Masih ada yang belum tersenarai?

Siapa yang mampu menolak hidangan ini? Apatah lagi sebulan berpuasa, pasti ramai mengidam dan inilah masalah ‘membayar’ kembali apa yang diingini.

Dalam enak menjamu selera, jangan dilupa dengan tahap kesihatan diri. Sesekali cuba semak apa yang anda makan. Mungkin tatkala menjamah, kita tidak fikir. Namun jika penyakit datang, siapa yang susah, diri sendiri juga merana.

Bercakap mengenai juadah Aidilfitri, sukar untuk menafikan kebanyakan hidangan kita mengandungi kalori tinggi dan kolestrol yang akhirnya mengundang pelbagai penyakit.

Apa itu kolesterol?

Pakar Perunding Bedah Jantung dan Paru-paru dari Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Profesor Madya Ramzisham Abdul Rahman berkata, kolestrol adalah lapisan lemak yang wujud secara semulajadi dalam semua bahagian dalam tubuh badan.


Kolesterol katanya, datang daripada dua sumber. Satu daripada badan dan satu lagi daripada makanan. Hati dan sel dalam badan menghasilkan kira-kira 75 peratus daripada kolesterol dalam darah. Selebihnya ia datang daripada apa yang anda makan. Kolesterol hanya ditemui dalam makanan berasaskan haiwan.

“Mungkin anda terperanjat jika dikatakan kolesterol itu sendiri tidak jahat. Sebenarnya, kolesterol adalah satu daripada bahan yang dihasilkan badan untuk kekal sihat. Sesetengah kolesterol yang kita perlukan dihasilkan secara semula jadi (boleh juga dipengaruhi sejarah keluarga), manakala sesetengah lagi diperolehi daripada makanan yang kita ambil,” katanya yang juga merupakan Pensyarah Kanan pusat perubatan tersebut.

Namun menurutnya, jika paras kolestrol terlebih dalam darah, ia akan melekat pada dinding arteri dan ini dipanggil plak.

Katanya, plak boleh mengecilkan arteri atau menyekat terus perjalanan darah dan seterusnya meningkatkan risiko sakit jantung dan strok. Paras kolesterol juga meningkat sejajar dengan peningkatan umur.

Jelasnya lagi, tidak ada tanda seseorang itu mempunyai paras kolesterol yang tinggi dalam darah.

“Anda mungkin mempunyai paras kolestrol tinggi disebabkan keturunan, obesiti dan mengambil makanan yang berlemak terutama sekali dalam musim perayaan begini,” kata beliau.

Sambil menegaskan hari raya bukanlah tiket untuk bebas menikmati apa sahaja hidangan disebabkan telah berpuasa selama sebulan, Prof Ramzisham

menasihatkan pembaca agar berhati-hati ketika menjamu selera terutama kepada mereka yang mempunyai penyakit darah tinggi, diabetis, jantung dan juga kepada individu yang merokok.

Jenis kolestrol

Terdapat dua jenis kolesterol, iaitu kolestrol baik (HDL) dan kolestrol jahat (LDL). Adalah penting setiap individu memahami dan tahu paras baik dan jahat kolesterol dalam darah.

“Lebih salah satu atau kurang daripadanya meletakkan diri dengan risiko penyakit jantung koronari, serangan jantung dan strok,” katanya.

Jelas beliau, kolestrol HDL adalah kolestrol baik yang membantu kolestrol LDL daripada berkumpul dan menyekat dinding arteri.

Paras HDL yang sihat juga melindungi tubuh daripada serangan jantung dan strok, manakala paras HDL yang rendah (kurang daripada 40mg/dL untuk lelaki dan kurang daripada 50 mg/dL untuk wanita) terbukti meningkatkan risiko penyakit berkaitan jantung.

Jika anda ingin meningkatkan HDL, kajian menunjukkan senanan biasa boleh membantu badan menghasilkannya. Mengurangkan pengambilan lemak trans dan mengambil pemakanan seimbang, diet berkhasiat juga boleh membantu. Jika kedua-dua cara itu tidak berkesan, doktor akan memberi ubat khas bagi membantu meningkatkan HDL.

Dalam pada itu, jika terlalu banyak LDL dalam darah, ia boleh menyumbat arteri, meningkatkan risiko serangan jantung dan strok.

“LDL dihasilkan secara semula jadi oleh tubuh, tetapi kebanyakan individu mewarisinya daripada ibu, bapa atau datuk dan nenek. Pemakanan mengandungi lemak tepu, lemak trans dan kolesterol juga meningkatkan paras sedia ada anda,” katanya.

Bagaimanapun kata beliau lagi, jika paras kolestrol tinggi dalam darah diwarisi daripada keturunan, mengubah cara hidup dan diet masih belum mencukupi untuk menurunkan paras LDL.

Menurutnya, setiap individu berbeza. Jadi mereka perlu mendapatkan pandangan doktor untuk pelan rawatan terbaik yang patut dilakukan.

Di Amerika Syarikat katanya, penyakit jantung adalah pembunuh nombor satu. Hampir 2,300 penduduknya mati akibat penyakit kardiovaskular setiap hari, secara purata satu kematian setiap 38 saat.

Beliau juga menyarankan kepada mereka yang rasa bertanggungjawab terhadap kesihatan diri terutamanya yang mempunyai risiko tinggi membuat saringan kesihatan di klinik atau pusat-pusat kesihatan di bulan Syawal ini untuk mengelakkan penyakit yang tidak diundang demi bertemu Ramadan dan Syawal tahun hadapan.

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3 Responses to “Kolestrol Dalam Juadah Makanan Bahaya”

  1. Assalam >baru2 ini setelah saya membuat pemeriksaan darah,apa yang saya dapati kandungan LDL saya di tahap 7.5,ia amat membimbangkan saya.saya berumur 47 tahun.tiada sejarah keluarga mengidap colestrol.saya memohon pendapat atau ada apa2 tips pemakanan untuk mengurangkan colestrol.dan tolong jelaskan pada saya punca lemak tepu dan lemak yidak tepu dan apa kebaikannya,

    wassalam

  2. setiap hari ambil minyak ikan kapsul jel 1000mg 1 biji bersama2 dengan garlic softgel 500mg 2 biji sekali mkn. itu aje leh kurangkan kolestrol anda dan jgn lupa byk mkn buah2an dan roti berserat dan oat.

  3. InfoBuahPinggang on June 19th, 2011 at 12:36 am

    Di sini saya ingin kongsikan tip bagaimana untuk mengurangkan lemak dan kolestrol dalam makanan.

    1) Pilihlah daging atau ikan yang tidak berlemak
    2) Buang semua kulit dan lemak-lemak yang kelihatan dari daging atau ayam
    3) Kukus,bakar atau panggang daging dan ikan.Kemudian letakkanya di atas rak untuk membolehkan lemak-lemak mengalir keluar dari makanan.Pastikan juga jangan menggoreng makanan anda.
    4) Pilihlah buah-buahan dan sayuran yang segar.Pastikan anda kukus sayuran anda dan jangan menggoreng.

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