Penyakit Musim Bola

Di mana-mana sekarang orang ramai dilanda demam Piala Dunia yang datangnya cuma empat tahun sekali. Tidak kira di pejabat, restoran apatah lagi kedai mamak, tajuk perbualan pastinya berkisar mengenai perlawanan dan pasukan bola sepak mana yang menjadi kegemaran masing-masing.

Bahang dan keterujaan meningkat ketika kejohanan memasuki minggu ketiga, tetapi pada masa sama sudah mula muncul ‘zombie’ di kalangan kaki bola akibat terlalu lama berjaga malam.

Memang ada yang beranggapan berjaga malam hanya sekadar menjejaskan tumpuan kerana kurang tidur, namun tersebut tanggapan sebenarnya kurang tepat.

Sebaliknya, ia juga berisiko mendedahkan peminat bola kepada pelbagai masalah lain, khususnya kesihatan tubuh badan serta mental.

Doktor Perubatan Am Hospital Pantai Kuala Lumpur, Dr. Rajbans Singh berkata, Piala Dunia lazimnya memberi kesan kepada emosi dan fizikal penonton bola sepak yang akan membawa kepada pelbagai jenis penyakit jika tidak diuruskan dengan baik.

Penyakit ‘bola’ memberi kesan kepada emosi, kesihatan, dan perhubungan, apatah lagi dengan perbezaan waktu siaran dengan waktu perlawanan dan tuntutan kerja pada keesokan harinya, ramai yang datang ke pejabat dengan rasa keletihan, mengantuk, badan terasa berat dan sebagainya.

“Secara amnya, masalah mengantuk akan timbul pada musim Piala Dunia khususnya mereka yang tinggal di negara-negara Asia kerana perbezaan masa.

“Penonton bola sepak pula akan menonton bola secara langsung kerana tidak mahu ketinggalan, jadi mereka perlu berjaga sehingga lewat malam malah sehingga ke waktu pagi tanpa mempedulikan kesihatan diri,” katanya ketika ditemui baru-baru ini.

Orang dewasa lazimnya perlu tidur selama lapan jam, tetapi apabila hanya beroleh tidur empat jam atau kurang akibat aktiviti berjaga, keesokan harinya mereka akan berasa lesu sehingga membataskan kegiatan seharian.

Mengulas lanjut tentang sikap fanatik peminat bola sepak ini, Dr. Rajbans menambah, akibat kekurangan tidur akan menyebabkan banyak perkara-perkara lain berlaku.

“Bila badan lesu, kita tidak dapat menumpukan sepenuh perhatian kepada kerja dan apabila ia beri kesan kepada kerja, akan menyebabkan tekanan berganda.

“Apabila membabitkan tekanan, ia tidak bagus untuk kesihatan kerana dikhuatiri akan menyebabkan pelbagai jenis penyakit seperti darah tinggi, sakit jantung, dan hipertensi,” katanya.

Selain itu, katanya, kebanyakan mereka yang menonton bola sama ada secara berseorangan atau berkumpulan, sering diiringi dengan tabiat mengunyah makanan terutama yang mengandungi tinggi gula, garam dan karbohidrat.

Mengunyah makanan ringan sambil menonton adalah senario biasa dan sebenarnya akan memburukkan lagi keadaan kesihatan penonton bola sepak.

“Saya tahu pengambilan teh tarik ketika perlawanan sangat keterlaluan tetapi seakan sudah menjadi budaya di sini. Apabila menonton perlawanan bola sepak di kedai mamak dan keserasian antara teh tarik dan kaki bola agak sukar untuk dipisahkan.

“Namun, jangan disebabkan oleh Piala Dunia, kesihatan diabaikan dalam kehidupan harian,” jelasnya.

Dr. Rajbans mencadangkan supaya pengambilan air kosong atau snek yang lebih sihat sebagai alternatif seperti buah-buahan, kekacang, atau snek bar sihat bagi menggantikan makanan ringan yang mempunyai kandungan protein dan gula berlebihan.

Selain itu, menurut Dr. Rajbans, kadar pengambilan arak dan rokok pada musim Piala Dunia juga dilihat agak meningkat.

Tidak dinafikan kedua-duanya boleh mengurangkan masalah mengantuk tetapi ia tidak baik untuk kesihatan.

Umum sudah tahu, rokok itu sendiri memberi kesan buruk kepada kesihatan. Rokok dengan kandungan nikotin dan toksin yang banyak akan mengakibatkan fungsi paru-paru merosot.

Dalam pada itu, setiap kali berlangsungnya Piala Dunia, pertaruhan kalangan kaki judi pasti tidak dapat dielakkan.

Walaupun kegiatan tersebut tidak menyalahi undang-undang di kebanyakan negara luar, tetapi ia merupakan satu kesalahan di Malaysia.

Pertaruhan yang tinggi terhadap perlawanan menjadi faktor utama kes bunuh diri dan serangan sakit jantung atau strok secara mengejut terutama mereka yang menghadapi kekalahan dan hilang wang dalam jumlah yang besar dalam tempoh singkat.

“Kebiasaannya mereka mempertaruh jumlah wang dalam nilai yang agak besar dan ada yang berani mencagar rumah. Apabila mereka kalah, akan memberi kesan tekanan yang agak teruk sehingga menyebabkan ada kalangan mereka membunuh diri untuk lari dari hutang.

“Ada juga kes serangan sakit jantung atau strok akibat gembira keterlaluan kerana menang taruhan,” ujarnya.

Katanya, apa yang paling penting adalah mengawal emosi. Untuk keselamatan, mereka yang menghidap penyakit kronik boleh menonton secara berkumpulan, dengan itu, mereka boleh berkongsi emosi dan mengurangkan risiko serangan penyakit secara mengejut.

Menyentuh kesan terhadap hubungan intim atau kekeluargaan, Dr. Rajbans berkata, ia terpulang kepada budi bicara suami, isteri dan keluarga.

“Tiada masalah bagi isteri yang memahami minat suami terhadap bola sepak tetapi bagi mereka yang tidak faham, kemungkinan pelbagai masalah boleh berlaku.

“Situasi ini akan menjejaskan fungsi seseorang sebagai ayah, ibu, atau anak.

“Jika sebuah keluarga bijak mengurus keadaan, mereka boleh elak malah ia sebenarnya boleh mengeratkan silaturahim kerana dapat berkumpul bersama keluarga walaupun hanya menonton di rumah,” ujarnya.

Apa yang penting, peminat bola perlu mengamalkan disiplin terutamanya apabila berkaitan dengan masa agar tidak menjejaskan kualiti hidup seseorang.

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