Saring Kesihatan Anda

Bilakah kali terakhir anda menjalani ujian saringan atau pemeriksaan kesihatan? Mungkin ada di antara kita yang hanya menjalani pemeriksaan kesihatan ketika diterima bekerja, tidak kurang beranggapan ia tidak penting kerana berasakan mereka cukup sihat.

Ada juga yang takut hendak menjalani pemeriksaan kesihatan, bimbang jika keputusannya kelak menunjukkan mereka menghidap penyakit tertentu. Kebimbangan ini sebenarnya tidak berasas kerana lebih cepat sesuatu penyakit dikesan, lebih baik supaya kita boleh mendapatkan rawatan sewajarnya dengan segera. Kaedah rawatan lebih mudah dan murah jika penyakit masih di peringkat awal.

Mungkin ada yang bertanya, apa perlunya pemeriksaan kesihatan sedangkan mereka berasa cukup sihat? Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia mendefinisikan kesihatan adalah sihat dari segi fizikal, mental dan sosial dan bukan hanya sekadar bebas dari segala penyakit atau ketidakupayaan.

Pemeriksaan kesihatan adalah kaedah untuk mengesan penyakit sebelum gejala penyakit muncul dan mengenalpasti punca sekiranya ada sebarang tanda tidak normal. Ini kerana ada banyak penyakit terutama penyakit kronik seperti kencing manis, tekanan darah tinggi, kegagalan buah pinggang dan kanser yang bersarang dalam diam; gejala hanya muncul apabila penyakit sudah teruk.

Penyakit jantung, strok dan kanser adalah faktor utama kemasukan ke hospital dan kematian. Kegemukan, tekanan darah tinggi, kencing manis dan paras kolesterol yang tinggi adalah faktor risiko utama untuk penyakit jantung dan strok. Mengawal keadaan tersebut boleh mengelakkan atau mengurangkan kadar kejadian serangan jantung dan strok.

Keperluan ujian saringan kesihatan bergantung kepada umur, jantina, sejarah kesihatan keluarga dan sama ada anda mempunyai faktor risiko terhadap penyakit tertentu. Contohnya individu gemuk atau terlalu gemuk (obes) berisiko tinggi mendapat kencing manis.

Malah orang yang mempunyai salah seorang ibu atau bapa atau kedua-duanya menghidap kencing manis juga berisiko tinggi mendapat penyakit yang sama.

Penyakit gaya hidup seperti kencing manis, tekanan darah tinggi, masalah kolesterol tinggi adalah antara penyakit kronik yang tidak menunjukkan gejala awal sehinggalah ia sampai ke tahap serius.

Banyak masalah kesihatan dan penyakit kronik yang boleh menyebabkan kematian awal sebenarnya boleh dicegah. Melalui pemeriksaan kesihatan berkala, kita bukan saja mengetahui status kesihatan diri sendiri malah meningkatkan kesedaran terhadap penyakit, faktor risiko, jenis rawatan dan bentuk sokongan yang ada jika disahkan menghidap penyakit tertentu.

Ujian yang boleh dilakukan:

Ujian darah – Paling penting dalam saringan atau pemeriksaan kesihatan. Ujian darah bukan saja penting untuk mengetahui tahap kesihatan seseorang tetapi juga dijadikan asas bagi memantau keberkesanan rawatan yang diterima seseorang pesakit.

Gejala penyakit biasanya tidak disedari pada peringkat awal tetapi ketidaknormalan ini boleh dikesan pada darah. Apabila penyakit semakin berkembang, ketidaknormalan pada darah juga bertambah banyak. Jika penyakit dirawat, kesan perubahan pertama (pada status kesihatan) akan dilihat pada darah.

Ujian darah juga adalah cara paling lazim digunakan doktor apabila pesakit mengadu kurang sihat. Walaupun mereka boleh mengagak masalah kesihatan yang dihadapi, tetapi dengan ujian darah pengesahan jenis penyakit adalah lebih tepat.

Bagi individu sihat, ujian darah juga boleh mengesan sebarang ketidaknormalan yang tidak disedari dan memberikan pelbagai maklumat penting untuk diagnosis, rawatan dan kaedah pencegahan bagi satu-satu penyakit.

Ujian darah mengesan paras komponen penting dalam darah. adakah ia dalam julat yang normal. Ini termasuklah jumlah kiraan darah untuk jenis sel dalam darah (sel darah merah, sel darah putih dan platelet). Sel ini kemudiannya dianalisis untuk melihat sama ada ia menunjukkan ketidaknormalan.

Antara penyakit yang boleh dikesan melalui ujian darah ialah kencing manis, jantung dan aterosklerosis, buah pinggang, hati, talasemia, anemia, hepatitis B, artritis, gout, masalah tiroid, jangkitan dan sesetengah jenis kanser seperti prostat, hati dan kolon.

l Ujian air kencing – Doktor biasanya mencadangkan ujian air kencing untuk memastikan buah pinggang pesakit berfungsi dengan baik atau apabila mereka mengesyaki pesakit itu mengalami masalah kesihatan yang berkaitan dengan buah pinggang.

Buah pinggang berfungsi menapis kekotoran dalam darah supaya bahan penting seperti gula dan protein dapat dialirkan ke seluruh badan. Jadi apabila air kencing mengandungi gula, protein atau bahan-bahan lain, ia biasanya menandakan ada masalah pada buah pinggang.

Ujian air kencing digunakan untuk mengesan penyakit atau jangkitan pada saluran kencing, kencing manis, batu karang, tekanan darah tinggi, masalah hati dan buah pinggang.

Umur yang panjang tidak bermakna jika kita tidak sihat. Jangan perjudikan kesihatan anda dan segeralah jalani pemeriksaan kesihatan seperti yang disarankan. Sesiapa yang bertanggungjawab terhadap kesihatan sendiri, seharusnya menjalani saringan pemeriksaan. Untuk maklumat lanjut, sila hubungi talian pelanggan Pathlab 03-7882 6888.

PENULIS ialah pengamal kesihatan di PATHLAB

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